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Ivan Fadeev
Ivan Fadeev

Out Of Ore ((INSTALL))



The level of Ore on a celestial body can be detected using a M700 Survey Scanner and for more detailed data in a particular biome, a M4435 Narrow-Band Scanner can be used. Note that a polar orbit of 25.000 m to 1.500.000 m is required to use the M700 scanner. This will vary a bit between objects, but is a good estimate. To view the ore concentration on a planet, right click the M700 Survey Scanner and select Toggle Overlay and then you can use the Cutoff+ and Cutoff- to only show the highest concentrations to make it easier to decide the optimal mining location. To be able to view the ore data in the Tracking Station, the scanned data needs to be sent back using an antenna. After the data is transmitted, a new icon for Resources will appear in the right panel of your screen where the Info and Orbit icons are. Click the button and then select Resources -> Ore. A more precise determination for a particular location can be made using the Surface Scanning Module on a rover while landed.




Out of Ore



Asteroids contain a finite amount of ore. If mining an asteroid, the mass of the asteroid will be reduced by the amount of ore extracted. There is no need to use any scanners to find out the ore concentration for asteroids, it's enough to be close to it or on it.


Ore can be converted into liquid fuel, oxidizer, and monopropellant using a converter and electric charge. There is no change in total mass when converting to liquid fuel and/or oxidizer, but there is when converting to monopropellant. Conversion continues to function during time warp.


The exact values of your settings affect ore concentrations strongly, and this can have big effects on an individual game. So unlike most other aspects of the game, a slightly deeper grasp of the algorithm details is important here.


The abundance of ore in a biome is determined by two "coin flips" -- ie. random number draws. The first is based on your "resource abundance" slider. Each biome on every celestial body has a "1 minus this percentage" chance of having no ore at all.If that first chance passes, then there is a second coin flip to determine the average ore concentration in the biome. This second chance is based on your game difficulty level. It is important to understand that this abundance can easily also end up "less than zero" -- so in a hard game, with a 50% resource abundance setting, you may still only end up with ore in 25% of the biomes on all the celestial bodies together.


When recovered on Kerbin, one unit of ore returns 0.02 funds. If it is first changed it into fuel using a converter, the profit is larger.For example, one unit of Monopropellant is made from 5 units of ore (0.1 funds total) but it is worth 1.2 funds. This provides a profit of 1.1 funds per 5 units of ore, or 0.22 per unit of ore.


A variety of modern technologies, including permanent magnets that have been used in everything from earbuds to wind turbines, rely on rare earth elements. While the metals aren't actually especially rare, they don't occur at high concentrations in the Earth's crust. As such, extracting them is expensive and tends to produce a lot of environmental damage, meaning that most of the supply comes from a small number of countries (see the chart here), leaving the supply at risk of political fights.


So the potential to get much more out of existing rare earth mines is obviously very appealing. And the method described in a paper released on Monday seems to offer it all: more metal per ore, much lower cost, and far less worry about mining waste.


Many of the best rare earth deposits occur in places where nature has concentrated the elements for us. These tend to be sediments formed from materials where the rare earth elements will react or interact with the sediment, coming out of solution and gradually building up the concentration in the ore. The usual method of extracting the elements from these ores essentially involves reversing that process. An ion-rich solution is pumped through the ore, and these ions displace the rare earths, allowing them to leach out of the ore. Typically, the solution used is ammonium sulfate.


The production of ammonium sulfate has its own energy and materials costs, and it leaves the material behind in the ore, which may require an environmental cleanup afterward. And the process isn't very selective; lots of other, cheaper metals, like aluminum and calcium, also come out of the ore and need to be separated from the desired products.


The idea behind the new work was to use an electrical current to simplify the process. The standard leaching relies on the flow of an ion-rich solution through the ore to move the rare earth elements out of it. But once that solution displaces these elements from the ore, they return to being ions in a solution. In that state, an electrical current should drive them to the oppositely charged electrode. In theory, this should mean that less of the leaching solution is needed to get material out of the ore, and thus there should be fewer environmental issues afterward.


This sort of electricity-driven purification has been used to decontaminate soils with high levels of metals. But it's not been tried on this sort of mining before. The idea worked even better than the researchers expected.


6. Q: Severance pay for the household staff is a customary practice at embassies of other governments and foreign business firms and the customary amount is included in my contract agreement with the staff. As the departing Chief of Mission,am I responsible for the household staff's severance pay even if they will be rehired by my successor?


11. Q: The officer would like to be reimbursed for the ORE staff overtime and for additional staff required to support a staff Christmas party that was held at the ORE residence. Would this be a legitimate ORE expense that we can reimburse?


13. Q: The ambassador has requested reimbursement for a $100 registration fee that he paid for a seminar on protocol issues offered by a local university on behalf of a senior ORE employee who attended the seminar. Is this training an allowable expense?


2. Q: I will be the principal representative (Chief of Mission) to XYZ post and I was told that I will only be reimbursed for my 'unusual' expenses. How will the post charge me for my 'usual' expenses?


6. Q: Severance pay for the household staff is a customary practice at embassies of other governments and foreign business firms and the customary amount is included in my contract agreement with the staff. As the departing Chief of Mission, am I responsible for the household staff's severance pay even if they will be rehired by my successor?


8. Q: I am a WAE employee and serving temporarily as the Chief of Mission without charge pay. Must I pay the 3.5%, even though I have to pay living expenses at my U.S. residence?


11. Q: The officer would like to be reimbursed for the ORE staff overtime and for additional staff required to support a staff Christmas party that was held at the ORE residence. Would this be a legitimate ORE expense that we can reimburse?


13. Q: The ambassador has requested reimbursement for a $100 registration fee that he paid for a seminar on protocol issues offered by a local university on behalf of a senior ORE employee who attended the seminar. Is this training an allowable expense?A: Yes. This fee appears to meet the conditions Protocol and/or English language training when such training is reasonable and necessary.


Build roads, bridges and tunnels to connect the base to other bases. Take risk by getting big loans to buy equipment and tools. The building system allows you to build pretty much anything you want or use the vehicles and equipment to demolish it.


All machines can be painted and outfitted with all kinds of lights and stuff. Entire world is terraformable so you can knock down trees and move dirt all day long, The machines and support both ISO and SAE controls and the game supports both Joysticks and Wheels.


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Copper ore is mined for a variety of industrial uses. Copper, an excellent conductor of electricity, is used as electrical wire. Copper is also used in construction. It is a common material in pipes and plumbing material.


When miners find rock containing mineral ore, they first extract the rock from the earth. This can be a huge process, sometimes displacing millions of tons of dirt. The rock is then crushed by powerful machinery.


Smelting uses heat to separate the valuable metal from the rest of the ore. Smelting usually requires a reduction agent, or another chemical, to separate metal from its ore. In the earliest smelters, the reduction agent was carbon in the form of charcoal. Charcoal burned with hematite ore, for instance, smelts iron.


Electrolysis separates metal from ore by using acid and electricity. Aluminum, which burns at a very high temperature, is extracted from bauxite by electrolysis. Bauxite is placed in a pool of acid, and an electrical current is run through the pool. The electrons in the current attach to oxygen and hydrogen, the other elements in bauxite, leaving the aluminum.


Earth contains a finite amount of ore. Ore genesis, the process by which a deposit of ore is created, is estimated to take millions of years. There are three major types of ore genesis: internal processes, hydrothermal processes, and surficial processes.


Ore can also fall to Earth as rocky debris from elsewhere in the solar system. These pieces of debris, entering the atmosphere as shooting stars, are called meteorites. Many meteorites contain large amounts of iron ore. 041b061a72


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